What Is Dyslexia - General Information On The Learning Disability
Dyslexia is a language-based disorder that is characterized by difficulty with decoding single words. This difficulty is normally a reflection of the individuals inability to properly phonological process words. It is important to note that dyslexia has nothing to do with any sort of visual impairment, and that they can severely hamper an individual's ability to read.
Dyslexia includes the inability to:
- Name letters
- Read words and/or sentences
- Recognize words directly (even if the individual can sound them out)
The different forms of dyslexia are most likely directly related to the different brain regions that are affect; most theories focus on the non-primary area that are located in the frontal lobe and temporal lobe of the brain. Dyslexia symptoms vary greatly on the area of the brain that is affected but any symptoms that lead to complications with the above listed inabilities are to be taken seriously.
Originally Dyslexia was defined as 'a difficulty with reading and writing that could not be explained by general intelligence'. One general way to test for dyslexia is to compare the reading and writing abilities of an individual in relation to their general intelligence and then taking that data and comparing it with a general population.
Most people would think that they are stupid or lazy. However, in most cases, they are neither of the two. Most likely, they have dyslexia, which is a learning disability that causes their difficulty in understanding written language, even though they have normal or even higher-than-normal IQ.
Professional development should be continuous; thus, there are courses that can be taken by your company's HR personnel, psychologists, trainers, and managers that are designed to upgrade their skills, particularly in regards to assessing dyslexia.
In this kind of program, they can learn and understand more about the said condition. The difficulties that are faced by dyslexic employees are pinpointed and discussed too. Additionally, some ways on how to make adjustments to enable your dyslexic employees to reach success and productivity are also tackled.
Below are some tips you can try if you are dyslexic:
Code colouring - Colour code everything. If you need to organize your computer disks, colour code them by the project or by the class they are for. Make labels with the colour and name and place them on the disk, whether its a CD or zip or floppy. This helps to remember where things are and saves time looking through every disk.
Highlighters - When reading books, read with several highlighters close by. That way when one 'disappears' you can continue. Almost every book you own should be 'highlighted' to some degree.
Coloured paper - If you only have a mild form of dyslexia, but enough to make life difficult. Using coloured sheets of paper really helps some to read.
For a last quick note, there is a growing list of notable people who have been diagnosed with dyslexia. To name a few:
Orlando Bloom (actor), Tom Cruise (actor), Walt Disney (producer), Albert Einstein (scientist), and even the gorgeous actress Selma Hayek. Take a look at what these individuals have accomplished and don't let dyslexia hold you down!
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Math dyslexia can be a common problem in children. You can get more information on dyscalculia here (including treatment and symptoms):