Dementia and How it Affects One's Mental Abilities
Dementia has several symptoms, which show the person's mental abilities are declining, this condition can't be reversed. This normally comes with certain personality and behavioural changes along with memory loss. As this condition worsens, the people affected will lose their ability to function in their normal daily activities.
Dementia can happen at various ages, but usually afflicts the elderly more. The occurrence of dementia goes up dramatically with age. Thorough research shows this disorder afflicts just 1% of the population that is age 60 to 64 years old however, that goes up to 30 to 50 percent of individuals above age 85. Dementia is one of the major health issues in the USA due to its huge impact on people and the families of those people.
Dementia is normally a result of someone's cerebral cortex degenerating, this is the section of a person's brains in control of memories, thoughts, personality, and actions. Brain cells dying in this area brings on cognitive disability, which leads to dementia.
Most of the individuals suffering from dementia are the retired elderly, which makes the cost of caring for them very expensive at times. These costs can be a burden on the family members who are the main caregivers, this includes the medications and even modifying their homes if need be for safety. The expense of nursing homes can be many thousands of dollars per month and even more. This adds to the financial burden of the family and sadly they are gradually losing this loved one, as they are dealing with the added responsibility and dependency of their affected loved one.
Dementia has a group of symptoms brought on by brain cells slowly dying. A person losing their cognitive abilities with dementia then causes changes in thinking, memory, personality, and planning. Dementia never should be seen as a definite side effect to aging though. One difficulty of being in a world where people are living longer as each year goes by is to tell the difference between the symptoms of dementia from natural memory loss due to one getting older. Individuals suffering from memory disorders related to age may take a bit more time learning new info, however their cognitive abilities given a bit of time are usually sufficient.
Alzheimer's disease is a major reason for dementia and amounts to most of all of the cases. Five to thirty percent of the cases of dementia for the USA are vascular dementia and are brought on due to a decrease in the flow of blood to the people's brain. The other reasons are such things as Lyme's disease, lupus, or vasculitis caused by syphilis. Because of its rapid onset, the symptoms for the vascular dementia often show up faster than the ones for the dementia caused by Alzheimer's disease.
Genetics can have an influence on these different types of dementia; however, their importance of genetics in the development of the dementia can vary. Two kinds of the gene that recycles the proteins are thought to help destroy neurons when the disease is the late-onset kind. It is not fully understood in what way genes interplay with other causes or risk factors for dementia. Studies are being done on the non-genetic influences on dementia like the environmental toxins.
On top of cognitive function changing, the dementia symptoms can be changes in personality and stability emotionally. People that suffer with this disorder can at times be paranoid, dues to short-term memory loss that makes them think that misplaced or lost items were actually stolen.
A slow decline of basic mental functions such as thought will happen. At the start this will be gradual almost unnoticed, happening over either months or even years. The gradual progression that dementia varies from delirium, in, which the symptoms are similar but come on much faster and leads to volatility.
Treatment for the progressive dementia needs to focus on maintaining as high a degree of independence and functioning as is possible, this keeps the person's life a better quality longer for them and their families. The people suffering with dementia and their caring family need to realize that it is hard and emotionally upsetting to care for the person with dementia. The patient need to learn to handle the cognitive and functional limitations and their caregivers need to be braced to handle more of the daily physical needs for the patient. The patient along with their family has to brace themselves in the beginning of this disease so they can cope better for the eventual changes and plan for how to deal with them.
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